Simone Martini


Simone Martini's Training Pictorial Production Maestà The Iconography of the Maestà The Maestà and the Dolce Stil Novo


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Simone Martini's Training

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According to several scholars, it is probable that Simone Martini was a pupil of Duccio da Buoninsegna, the most important Sienese painter of that time.
His earlier works show a clear influence of Duccio’s style, specially the abstract concept that distinguishes the fine style of the Sienese gothic painting, in contrast with the solid sense of concreteness of the Florentine painting.
One of the works that better shows the closeness of style between Simone and Duccio is the Maestà, a painted fresco found in the Great Council Hall of Siena’s Palazzo Pubblico (Town Hall), dated 1315, when Simone was already 30 years old. According to the scholars, there are other works considered from his young years, like the Madonna and Child, from around 1312-13, from Siena’s National Gallery.
This panel is now assigned to Simone, but in the past there was a bit of suspicion that it could be a late work by Duccio di Buoninsegna. The work comes from Colle di Val d’Elsa, near San Gimignano. It shows already some of Simone’s typical style: the soft, harmonious and dynamic signs of the outline and the extremely delicate transparency of the colours, which will develop more clearly in the famous Maestà of Siena.
There are other works under investigation, which could belong to the early years of Simone Martini, as a panel of the Duomo of Massa Marittima and another one housed at the National Gallery of Siena.
The first panel, the Madonna in a Throne with a Child with scenes of the Passion of Christ in the background, is very similar to the Maestà carried out by Duccio in 1308-11.
The other painting, the Madonna of Mercies, comes from Vertini di Chianti and today is at Siena’s National Gallery. Some scholars have recognised in this last work the still inexperienced hand of Simone besides Memmo di Filippuccio’s.

A. Cocchi
Trad: A. Sturmer


Bibliography

P. Torriti. Simone Martini. Dossier Art  n. 56, Giunti, Firenze, 1991
La Nuova Enciclopedia dell'Arte, Garzanti, 1986
E. Bernini. R. Rota. Figura 1. Profili di storia dell'Arte. Editori Laterza. Roma-Bari 2002
G. Cricco, F. Di Teodoro, Itinerario nell’arte, vol. 1, Zanichelli Bologna 2004
G. Contini, M.C. Gozzoli. L'opera completa di Simone Martini. Classici dell'Arte Rizzoli, Milano, 1966
E. Castelnuovo. Pittori girovaghi nell'Avignone dei papi. in: Il romanzo della pittura. Giotto e i maestri del Trecento. Supplemento a La Repubblica, Arnoldo Mondadori, Verona, 1988
P.L.L. de Castris. La Napoli cortese del saggio Roberto.in: Il romanzo della pittura. Giotto e i maestri del Trecento. Supplemento a La Repubblica, Arnoldo Mondadori, Verona, 1988
G. Bonsanti. Simone Martini. Associazione per le Casse di Risparmio italiane, Roma 1994

 

Tags:Simone Martini, painting, training, Duccio di Buoninsegna, Alessandra Cocchi, A. Sturmer, .

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